Web hosting is an online service that is provided by the registrar company (a company that provides the services of the domain name and web hosting), which permits us to publish the website on the internet. When we buy web hosting we rent some space for the website on the physical server where we store the website’s data.
A Server is a computer, connects with another server from anywhere in the world. A registrar company provides different types of servers for a small website to a large dynamic website. We have to choose the Web Hosting Plan according to our website. Web Hosting is of different types, we will see the types later. Choosing the right hosting is very important for a new website, to load your website too fast for visitors to the website.
So in simple words, web hosting is the house for the website, and the domain name is the house address for the website.
In this article, we will discuss these points-
- How does Web Hosting work?
- Types of Web Hosting with pros and cons.
- Is it necessary to buy web hosting?
- How to buy Web Hosting?
- How domain names and web hosting are related?
- Do we buy them together or from different companies?
How does Web Hosting work?
So Web Hosting or say a Server is a place where we upload all the files of a website in an organized way from a local computer, to publish the website. When someone types the domain name in the browser, the domain name is translated into the IP address of the Web Hosting Company’s compute, where the files of the website are stored. The server sends back the website view to the browser.
Types of Web Hosting
Web hosting companies provide different types of web hosting services according to the need of the website. We will understand which type of web hosting is best for us after knowing all types of web hosting. The most popular type of Web Hostings or servers are-
- Shared Web Hosting
- VPS Web Hosting
- Cloud Web Hosting
- Dedicated Web Hosting
- WordPress Web Hosting
- Reseller Web Hosting
Shared Web Hosting
In shared web hosting, all the websites are hosted on the same server. Websites hosted on the same server share all its resources, such as memory, computing power, disk space, and others. Most of the Web Hosting companies provide shared web hosting. The cost of this hosting is not so much and it is also easy to manage and perfect for a website like a personal website, blog website, and websites that don’t have more traffic.
- Low cost
- No requirement for technical knowledge.
- Easy to manage.
- User-friendly Control Panel
- No control on server configuration.
- If traffic increases then website response is not so good.
So if you are a beginner and you have created a website then firstly you should have the shared hosting, as if the traffic increases then you can transfer your hosting to another type of web hosting like VPS or dedicated.
VPS Web Hosting
VPS – Virtual Private Server
In VPS Web Hosting, the websites are also stored on the same server but the web host allocates the separate space for us, means get a dedicated space, reserved amount of resources, and memory. The VPS is much closer to shared and also dedicated. The main difference in VPS and shared hosting is that we can configure the VPS which is much closer to dedicated hosting.
- Dedicated space for the website.
- If traffic increases no effect on the website loading.
- User is allowed to configure the server.
- Require the technical knowledge
So if you have a lot of traffic on your website and your website doesn’t require the large space then VPS Hosting is best.
Cloud Web Hosting
Cloud Hosting is a new type of Web Hosting and becomes very popular in the market. This type of hosting uses many interconnected web servers. Files are uploaded on each server and if the one server has some problem or busy then it automatically redirects to another server. So the loading of the website does not affect. This hosting offer reliable bandwidth, unlimited amount of space for unlimited the domain names, that’s why large organization prefer the cloud hosting to manage the websites.
- Downtime does not occur.
- Server failures don’t affect website
- Allocates resources on demand
- Pay only for used services.
- More scalable.
- Cost is not fixed, difficult to estimate.
- Root access is not allowed always.
If you have a website with heavy which requires the large space and you do not want to down your website then Cloud Hosting is preferred.
Dedicated Web Hosting
Dedicated hosting provides the server specially for your website, that you have your server that is dedicated to your website. This hosting is flexible, anyone manages the website as he wants. A user can access the root server and choose the software, operating system, and provides the environment according to the need. This hosting is comparatively expensive than shared hosting. Dedicated hosting is used when a website has a lot of traffic or require more server control.
- Dedicated space for a website.
- Full access to the server.
- High reliable and secure.
- The Cost of this hosting is very high.
- Also, require more technical knowledge.
It is a special type of shared hosting specially for the WordPress site owners. This hosting provides the pre-installed necessary plugins like caching and security. After having the WordPress hosting you don’t require the technical knowledge anyone can create the website using plugins like page builder plugin having drag and drop features. The WordPress websites are highly optimized and configured that’s why the website loads faster.
- Low cost.
- Easy WordPress installation.
- Good performance for WordPress sites.
- Pre-installed WordPress plugins and themes.
- This hosting is only for the WordPress Website. You can not upload any other website.
Reseller Hosting is a special type of Web Hosting where you can sell your space, bandwidth, CPU, memory, etc. This hosting is beneficial if you don’t need all allocated space is not required. So we can share some allocated space with another party. Web Hosting companies provide reseller hosting plans. This hosting is helpful for anyone who buys this hosting with multiple domain names. So anyone can make packages for the clients and can allocate the resources.
Is it necessary to buy Web hosting?
It is up to you to have web hosting or not because some hosting companies also provide the free Web Hosting, but there are limitations on free Web Hosting like you can not do SEO for your website, your domain name may also have the name of hosting company, website designing, most of the companies do not allow you to earn online money through the website.
WordPress.com provide the free feature of making and hosting of the website. These types of website domain names also include the “wordpress.com”.
For example – You make a website and you give the name “yourname” then the website address is www.yourname.wordpress.com.
One more important thing is that WordPress has two websites one is www.wordpress.com and second is www.wordpress.org. On the wordpress.com we make the website and host on the website. And from wordpress.org we download the WordPress software and then create the website. This type of WordPress website is uploaded on Web Server.
So we have the option of free Web Hosting but there are many limitations. If you want only and only the presence on the internet then you can use free Web Hosting but if you want more than the presence on the internet then you should have to buy Web Hosting.
How to buy a Web Hosting?
Many companies in the market sell Web Hosting and each company provides each type of web hosting. We have to create an account on the website of that company from where we want to purchase Web hosting and then we have to choose the type and plans of hosting and then can easily purchase.
How domain names and web hosting are related?
For the complete presence of the website on the internet, we need both domain names and web hosting. A domain name has the address of the Web server where all the files of the website are stored. Without a domain name, a website can not be found and without web hosting a website can not exist on the internet. So both the domain name and web hosting is important.
Do we buy them together or from different companies?
You can buy the domain name and web hosting from two different companies. If you buy from different companies then you have to give the IP address of your web hosting to the domain name by editing the DNS settings.
If you buy both the domain name and web server from the same company then you don’t need to change the DNS settings.